Seasonal Affective Disorder with the acronym S.A.D. affects sufferers primarily during the winter and spring seasons. The winter season brings less sunlight, early darkness in the evening, colder temperatures, terrible weather, and change of the seasons.
It has been found that many with SAD found that one of the main symptoms is that it triggers depression. It was discovered in the United States by Dr. Norman Rosenthal in 1984. This condition is unfortunately commonly undiagnosed and this makes it difficult for people to get diagnosed and receive proper treatment. It takes approximately two to three years for patients with SAD symptoms to be diagnosed by their physician. Research by a UK organization called Mind, provides support to those with mental health issues, has found that approximately 10% of the general population in Europe has seasonal affective disorder. The Cleveland Clinic has found that within the United States there about 500,000 people who suffer from SAD, and approximately 10%-20% of the US population battle with milder forms of seasonal affective disorder.
Symptoms of Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD)
- Fatigue or lack of energy
- Sleep problems
- Lack of libido
- Lowered immune system
- Relationship problems and lack of social interaction
- Weight gain and overeating
- Worrisome and guilt feelings
- Unable to concentrate
There are no known causes of SAD but research has found that the change of seasons and the change in less light is a main trigger of the disorder. When there isn’t enough light, certain functions slow down and stop gradually in the body. Add on lower serotonin levels which is known to appear in people who suffer with depression.
Treatments for SAD (Seasonal Affective Disorder)
There are several treatments that have had positive results for most sufferers such as antidepressant prescribed medications and bright light therapy (phototherapy). The Social Affective Disorder Association (SADA) has found that bright light therapy is the most effective therapy option. Over 85% diagnosed SAD sufferers have found that the bright light therapy worked for them. Bright light therapy involves exposure to the light provided from the light therapy box for about 2 hours per day. The light mimics outside sunlight and has an intense positive effect on SAD sufferers. Researchers believe the artificial light works by helping the chemicals in the brain linked to the patient’s mood eases the SAD symptoms.
Additional options of SAD therapy include:
- Cognitive behavior therapy (CBT)
The Social Affective Disorder Association (SADA) recommends that sufferers should avoid stress as much as possible, get as much exposure to daily light as they can, eating a healthy diet and exercising regularly.